Saint-Émilion (pronounced: [sɛ̃t‿e.mil.jɔ̃]; Gascon: Sent Milion) is a commune in the department in Aquitaine in southwestern .

Saint-’s history goes back to prehistoric times and is a , with fascinating Romanesque churches and ruins stretching all along steep and narrow streets.

The Romans planted vineyards in what was to become as early as the 2nd century. In the 4th century, the poet Ausonius lauded the fruit of the bountiful vine.

The town was named after the monk Émilion, a travelling confessor, who settled in a hermitage carved into the rock there in the 8th century. It was the monks who followed him that started up the commercial wine production in the area.

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